India, a place where females are discriminated not on the basis of race or caste but whether they can bleed or not. India, a place where you can’t talk openly about Mensuration or Bleeding. But still its India where lies the Bleeding Goddess. Kamakhya in Assam is the only temple where the yoni or vagina of goddess is the object of worship or reverence famous as Bleeding goddess, the mythical womb and vagina of Shakti are installed in the ‘garvagriha’ or sanctrum of the temple. It is situated at the peak of Nilanchal Parvat in western direction of Guwahati City. This temple was destroyed in 16th century and then was again rebuilt by King Nara Narayanpo of Cooch Bihar in 17th century.
FOLKLORES AND MYTHS
It is known as one of 108 Shakti Peeth. Goddess Sati married Lord Shiva, who was disliked by goddess Sati’s father Daksha. The couple was not invited to a Yagna. But Sati went there. Unable to bear the insult of his husband, Sati committed suicide by jumping into the fire of yagna. When Shiva came to know about this he raged with anger and went insane. He placed Sati’s dead body on his shoulder and performed Tandav or dance of destruction. To calm him down Lord Vishnu cut the dead body with his Sudharshan Chakra. The 108 parts where Sati’s body fell were known as Shakti peeths. Kamakhya temple is special because Sati’s womb and vagina fell over here.
Whereas, some people also believe that the Kamakhya temple is where Lord Shiv and Goddess Sati had their romantic encounters.
Demon Narakasura, king of Pragjyotispura (ancient name of Guwahati according to mythological inscription) wanted to marry Goddess Kamakhaya. But a goddess cannot marry a demon. So she laid a condition that he has to build a temple within a night. Narakausra agreed to it and almost finished building temple, frightened, Devi sent a cock to cry cock-a-doodle to announce morning. Demon angry, killed the cock in a place called Kurkurakata ( a place where hens are slaughtered now). Since the condition was not satisfied the marriage did not take place. It is said that the present temple is same as built by Narakasura.
The place where Uterus of Sati fell was not known till Kamadeva, the God of Love searched it out himself and cursed Brahma. He regained his rupa(beauty) here after worshipping the peeth. So this entire place is know as Kamarupa and the deity is known as kamakhya.
Assam traditionally known as Kampura Desa has been associated with Tantaric practices and Shakti worship from the time of immemorial.This place is significant for general Hindu Pilgrimages specially the Tantaric worshippers and it is said that non tantaric get perfection in their tantra and methods unless they have once visited this temple.
Kamakhya means granter of desire, temple has been an ancient Khasi sacrificial site.
Temple has a beehive like Shikara with images of Lord Ganesha.
Goddess Kamakhya is also known as Sodashi. It is natural cave with spring. This is the only Shakti peeth where there is no concrete form of goddess. It is a shrine in form of Yoni, preside a big crevice in the bedrock.
Other than Devi Kamakhya there are other 10 avatars of Kali present here – Dhumavati, Matangi, Bagola, Tara, Kamala, Bhairavi, Chinnamasta, Bhuvaneshwari Tripura and Sundari.
AMBUBACHI : in the month of June (Ashad), the goddesss menstruate or bleeds. At this time the Brahmaputra river near the temple turns red. Temple remains close for 3 days and holy water is distibuted among devotees of Kamakhaya Devi. No scientific proof that the blood actually turns the water red. Some people say that the priest pour vermilion into the river. It is inauspicious to plant a seed or till the ground. As both Goddess and mother earth undergoes menstruation.
POHAN BIYA : a symbolic marriage takes place during this festival between Lord Kameshwara and Devi Kameswari during the month of Pausa.
Other festivals includes Manasha Puja and Durga Puja.
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